Applied Sciences, Vol. 13, Pages 1753: Age Estimation from Brain Magnetic Resonance Images Using Deep Learning Techniques in Extensive Age Range
Applied Sciences doi: 10.3390/app13031753
Authors: Kousuke Usui Takaaki Yoshimura Minghui Tang Hiroyuki Sugimori
Estimation of human age is important in the fields of forensic medicine and the detection of neurodegenerative diseases of the brain. Particularly, the age estimation methods using brain magnetic resonance (MR) images are greatly significant because these methods not only are noninvasive but also do not lead to radiation exposure. Although several age estimation methods using brain MR images have already been investigated using deep learning, there are no reports involving younger subjects such as children. This study investigated the age estimation method using T1-weighted (sagittal plane) two-dimensional brain MR imaging (MRI) of 1000 subjects aged 5&ndash;79 (31.64 &plusmn; 18.04) years. This method uses a regression model based on ResNet-50, which estimates the chronological age (CA) of unknown brain MR images by training brain MR images corresponding to the CA. The correlation coefficient, coefficient of determination, mean absolute error, and root mean squared error were used as the evaluation indices of this model, and the results were 0.9643, 0.9299, 5.251, and 6.422, respectively. The present study showed the same degree of correlation as those of related studies, demonstrating that age estimation can be performed for a wide range of ages with higher estimation accuracy.