Batteries, Vol. 10, Pages 208: State of Charge Estimation of Lithium-ion Batteries Based on Online OCV Curve Construction

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Batteries, Vol. 10, Pages 208: State of Charge Estimation of Lithium-ion Batteries Based on Online OCV Curve Construction

Batteries doi: 10.3390/batteries10060208

Authors: Xuemei Wang Ruiyun Gong Zhao Yang Longyun Kang

The open-circuit voltage (OCV) curve has a significant influence on the accuracy of the state of charge (SOC) estimation based on equivalent circuit models (ECMs). However, OCV curves are tested through offline experiments and are hard to be very accurate because they constantly change with the test method’s ambient temperature and aging status. Recently, researchers have attempted to improve the accuracy of OCV curves by increasing the volume of sample data or updating/reconstructing the curve combined with practical operation data. Still, prior offline tests are essential, and experimental errors inevitably exist. Consequently, a SOC estimation method without any offline OCV tests might be an efficient route to improve the accuracy of SOC. According to this idea, this paper presents a novel method for SOC estimation, which is based on online OCV curve construction. Meanwhile, a stepwise multi-timescale parameter identification algorithm is designed to improve the interpretability and precision of the estimated ECM parameters. The results demonstrate that the maximum SOC estimation error is only 0.05% at 25 °C, indicating good robustness under various ambient temperatures and operational conditions.

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