Biomechanics, Vol. 3, Pages 583-595: Estimation of the Effects of Achilles Tendon Geometry on the Magnitude and Distribution of Local Strain: A Finite Element Analysis

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Biomechanics, Vol. 3, Pages 583-595: Estimation of the Effects of Achilles Tendon Geometry on the Magnitude and Distribution of Local Strain: A Finite Element Analysis

Biomechanics doi: 10.3390/biomechanics3040047

Authors: Shota Enomoto Toshiaki Oda

We investigated the influence of Achilles tendon (AT) geometry on local-strain magnitude and distribution during loading, using finite element analysis. We calculated the following eight AT parameters for 18 healthy men: thickness and width of the most distal part, minimum cross-sectional area (mCSA), and most proximal part; length; and position of the mCSA. To investigate the effect of AT geometry on the magnitude and distribution of local strain, we created three-dimensional numerical models by changing the AT parameter values for every one standard deviation (SD) in the range of ±2 SD. A 4000 N lengthening force was applied to the proximal surface of all the models. The mean first principal strain (FPS) was determined every 3% of the length. The highest FPS in each model was mainly observed in the proximal regions; the 86–89% site (the most proximal site was set at 100%) had the highest number of models with the highest FPS (nine models). The highest FPS was observed in the model with a distal thickness of −2 SD, which was 27.1% higher than that of the standard model observed in the 2–5% site. Therefore, the AT geometry influences local-strain magnitude and distribution during loading.

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