Coatings, Vol. 14, Pages 761: PbS Colloidal Quantum Dots: Ligand Exchange in Solution

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Coatings, Vol. 14, Pages 761: PbS Colloidal Quantum Dots: Ligand Exchange in Solution

Coatings doi: 10.3390/coatings14060761

Authors: Chuanxi Zhang Dong Han Xiaoyu Zhang

PbS colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) have the advantages of adjustable band gap, large exciton Bohr radius, controllable size, easy synthesis, and potential multi-exciton effect, making them attractive for photodetectors and solar cells. However, the long ligand chain wrapped on PbS CQDs limits carrier transport, and defect states of as-synthesized CQDs increase non-radiative recombination, negatively affecting photovoltaic performance. Surface properties determine the characteristics of CQDs, so ligand exchange processes are crucial. Because solution phase ligand exchange reduces labor and time requirements, it is more advantageous than solid phase ligand exchange. This review discusses the solution phase ligand exchange process of PbS CQDs, emphasizing the impact of surface ligands on conformation and conductivity.

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