Molecules, Vol. 29, Pages 2857: The Influence of Basicity/Acidity of Lanthanum Systems on the Activity and Selectivity of the Transesterification Process

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Molecules, Vol. 29, Pages 2857: The Influence of Basicity/Acidity of Lanthanum Systems on the Activity and Selectivity of the Transesterification Process

Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules29122857

Authors: Daria Dendek Mateusz Zakrzewski Radosław Ciesielski Adam Kedziora Waldemar Maniukiewicz Małgorzata Szynkowska-Jóźwik Tomasz Maniecki

The impact of heterogeneous catalytic systems, which are based on rare earth metals, on the properties of biodiesel produced via the transesterification process in a stationary reactor (autoclave) was thoroughly investigated. The physicochemical attributes, including the specific surface area, were analyzed employing the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) method. The basicity and acidity levels of the catalytic systems were evaluated through temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia and carbon dioxide (TPD-NH3, TPD-CO2), respectively. Furthermore, High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) analysis facilitated the assessment of triglyceride conversion and the determination of methyl ester (FAME) selectivity within these processes. Our findings indicate that catalytic systems augmented with lanthanum showcased superior performance. A significant correlation was discerned between the conversion and selectivity to methyl esters and both the specific surface area and the acidity and basicity properties of the catalytic systems under study. These results underscore the crucial role that the physicochemical characteristics of catalytic systems play in optimizing the transesterification process, thereby enhancing the quality of the produced biodiesel. This study contributes valuable insights into the development of more efficient and effective biodiesel production methodologies, highlighting the potential of rare earth metal-based catalysts in renewable energy technologies.

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