Nanomaterials, Vol. 14, Pages 922: Stability of Graphene/Nafion Composite in PEM FC Electrodes

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Nanomaterials, Vol. 14, Pages 922: Stability of Graphene/Nafion Composite in PEM FC Electrodes

Nanomaterials doi: 10.3390/nano14110922

Authors: Anna O. Krasnova Nadezhda V. Glebova Angelina G. Kastsova Anna O. Pelageikina Alexey V. Redkov Maria V. Tomkovich Andrey A. Nechitailov

Ensuring the stable operation of proton exchange membrane fuel cells is conducive to their real-world application. A promising direction for stabilizing electrodes is the stabilization of the ionomer via the formation of surface compounds with graphene. A comprehensive study of the (electrochemical, chemical, and thermal) stability of composites for fuel cell electrodes containing a modifying additive of few-layer graphene was carried out. Electrochemical stability was studied by cycling the potential on a disk electrode for 5000 cycles. Chemical stability was assessed via the resistance of the composites to H2O2 treatment using ion-selective potentiometry. Thermal stability was studied using differential thermal analysis. Composites were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, EDX, and SEM. It was shown that graphene inhibits Nafion degradation when exposed to heat. Contrariwise, Nafion is corrosive to graphene. During electrochemical and chemical exposure, the determining change for carbon-rich composites is the carbon loss (oxidation) of the carbon material. In the case of carbon-poor composites, the removal of fluorine and sulfur from the Nafion polymer with their partial replacement by oxygen prevails. In all cases, the F/S ratio is stable. The dispersity of Nafion in a sample affects its chemical stability more than the G/Nafion ratio does.

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