Nutrients, Vol. 16, Pages 1037: The Association between Lifestyle Factors and COVID-19: Findings from Qatar Biobank

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Nutrients, Vol. 16, Pages 1037: The Association between Lifestyle Factors and COVID-19: Findings from Qatar Biobank

Nutrients doi: 10.3390/nu16071037

Authors: Zoha Akbar Hasna H. Kunhipurayil Jessica Saliba Jamil Ahmad Layla Al-Mansoori Hebah A. Al-Khatib Asmaa A. Al Thani Zumin Shi Abdullah A. Shaito

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) manifestations range from mild to severe life-threatening symptoms, including death. COVID-19 susceptibility has been associated with various factors, but studies in Qatar are limited. The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between COVID-19 susceptibility and various sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, including age, gender, body mass index, smoking status, education level, dietary patterns, supplement usage, physical activity, a history of bariatric surgery, diabetes, and hypertension. We utilized logistic regression to analyze these associations, using the data of 10,000 adult participants, aged from 18 to 79, from Qatar Biobank. In total, 10.5% (n = 1045) of the participants had COVID-19. Compared to non-smokers, current and ex-smokers had lower odds of having COVID-19 (odds ratio [OR] = 0.55; 95% CI: 0.44–0.68 and OR = 0.70; 95% CI: 0.57–0.86, respectively). Vitamin D supplement use was associated with an 18% reduction in the likelihood of contracting COVID-19 (OR = 0.82; 95% CI: 0.69–0.97). Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2), a history of bariatric surgery, and higher adherence to the modern dietary pattern—characterized by the consumption of foods high in saturated fat and refined carbohydrates—were positively associated with COVID-19. Our findings indicate that adopting a healthy lifestyle may be helpful in the prevention of COVID-19 infection.

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