Global carbon emissions from fossil fuels reach record levels in 2023, posing a threat to climate stability. Despite declines in some regions, the global trend shows a concerning rise. Efforts to reduce fossil fuel usage are insufficient. Emissions from land-use changes are decreasing but not enough to counterbalance high emissions. Urgent cuts in fossil fuel emissions are needed to salvage climate targets. The current emission rate puts the 1.5°C target at risk within seven years.